First, it is well to notice that there is no time limit on the instruction. Man would probably say "obey until the age of 18 or 21," but God put no such limits on the instruction. This leaves us to conclude that the obedient relationship is to continue throughout life. It is interesting to note that the Greek word translated children means "one born" and there were other Greek words meaning little children. Obviously we should retain an obedient attitude toward our parents as we honor them in their old age.
Another thing to consider is that children are to obey their parents , but a person cannot obey if no rules are given. The best known case of disobedience throughout history is that of Adam and Eve. The rules by which they were to live were simple and clearly communicated to them, but without those rules (or laws) there was nothing to obey or disobey. So it is with parents and children. Parents then become "lawgivers" and this is no small responsibility. The parents should pattern their "law" after Gods law for He is the greatest law giver of all time. The rules should be fair and carefully thought out so that they work for the benefit of both parent and child. They should not be harsh and thereby" provoke the child to wrath"but should reflect the concern of a loving parent for the child. The rules should be clearly communicated.
Parenthood is an awesome responsibility. We should take it very seriously.